Insurance enables those who suffer a loss or accident to be compensated for the effects of their misfortune. The payments come from a fund of money contributed by all the holders of individual insurance policies. Life Insurance is a financial cover for a contingency linked with human life, like death, disability, accident, retirement etc. Human life is subject to risks of death and disability due to natural and accidental causes.
Though human life cannot be valued, a monetary sum could be determined based on the loss of income in future years. Hence, in life insurance, the Sum Assured ( or the amount guaranteed to be paid in the event of a loss) is by way of a ‘benefit’. Life Insurance products provide a definite amount of money in case the life insured dies during the term of the policy or becomes disabled on account of an accident.
Why you should buy Life Insurance:
All of us face the following risks:
Dying too soon
Living too long
Life Insurance is needed:
To ensure that your immediate family has some financial support in the event of your demise.
To finance your children’s education and other needs.
To have a savings plan for the future so that you have a constant source of income after retirement.
To ensure that you have extra income when your earnings are reduced due to serious illness or accident.
To provide for other financial contingencies and life style requirements.
Who needs Life Insurance:
Primarily, anyone who has a family to support and is an income earner needs Life Insurance. In view of the economic value of their contribution to the family, housewives too need life insurance cover. Even children can be considered for life insurance in view of their future income potential being at risk.
How much Life Insurance is needed:
The amount of Life Insurance coverage you need will depend on many factors such as:
How many dependants you have
What kind of lifestyle you want to provide for your family
How much you need for your children’s education
What your investment needs are
What your affordability is
Type of life Insurance:
This type of life insurance policy is a contract between the insured and the life insurance company to pay the persons/s he has given entitlement to receive the money, in the case of his/her death, after a certain period of time. These policies can be taken for 5, 10, 15, 20 or 30 years.
In an endowment policy, periodic premiums are received by the insured person and a lump sum is received either on the death of the insured or once the policy period expires.
Money Back Life Insurance Policy:
This policy offers the payment of partial survival benefits (money back), as is determined in the insurance contract, while the insured is still alive. In case the insured dies during the period of the policy, the beneficiary gets the full sum insured without the deduction of the money back amount given so far.
Group Life Insurance:
This is when a group of people have been named under a single life insurance policy. It is popular for an employer or a company to add employees under the same policy. Each member of the group has a certificate as legal evidence of insurance.
Unit Linked Insurance Plan:
ULIPs (Unit Linked Insurance Plan) offer the insured the double benefit of protection from risk and investment opportunities. ULIPs are linked to the market where the insured’s money is invested to help earn additional monetary benefits.